AIA uniform system cut-off elevation descriptive specification specification. References in periodicals archive?
Services will include cost control, review of contract drawings and specifications, the review of construction and loan documents, schedules, permits, and approvals. IVI retained for Wilshire job. Among the stages are thepricing breakdown, the contract drawingsstructural steel materiallisting, fabrication labor, and shipping and handling.
Commercial steel estimating; a comprehensive guide to mastering the basics. After reviewing the contract drawings and the SCDOT manual, the court found that the amount of slope allowed for the turn lanes was unclear. Contract interpretation. On behalf of the construction lender, IVI's team of architects and engineers is providing project management oversight services consisting of construction cost control; reviewing contract drawings and specifications; and the reviewing of construction and building loan documents, schedules, permits, and approvals.
Therefore, the entire set of contract drawings evolves simultaneously. Saving time and money via Fast Tracking.
Encyclopedia browser? Full browser?To increase the potential for consistent interpretation, the listing of the Contract Documents should be complete and unambiguous, and should not include any documents that rightfully should not be Contract Documents. Such vagueness should be avoided. Contract Documents —Those items so designated in the Agreement, and which together comprise the Contract. Drawings —The part of the Contract that graphically shows the scope, extent, and character of the Work to be performed by Contractor.
Specifications —The part of the Contract that consists of written requirements for materials, equipment, systems, standards, and workmanship as applied to the Work, and certain administrative requirements and procedural matters applicable to the Work. Shop Drawings —All drawings, diagrams, illustrations, schedules, and other data or information that are specifically prepared or assembled by or for Contractor and submitted by Contractor to illustrate some portion of the Work.
Shop Drawings, whether approved or not, are not Drawings and are not Contract Documents. Project Manual —The written documents prepared for, or made available for, procuring and constructing the Work, including but not limited to the Bidding Documents or other construction procurement documents, geotechnical and existing conditions information, the Agreement, bond forms, General Conditions, Supplementary Conditions, and Specifications.
The contents of the Project Manual may be bound in one or more volumes. To summarize, be cognizant of, and properly draft the provisions regarding, what constitutes the Contract Documents.Unless the intended use and purpose of the second list is clarified, the identification of two sets of plans or drawings within the contract is a starting point for significant problems. If the rights and obligations of both parties were the same for both lists, they would have been consolidated into a single list of Contract Plans.
The presence of two lists of plans in the contract signifies that the contracting parties have different rights, responsibilities and obligations for each list. The problems associated with that second list of plans usually start to develop because the contractor shipyard has a different interpretation of those rights and responsibilities for the second list than does the purchaser ship owner.
Upon assisting in the resolution of numerous problems arising from the inclusion of two lists of plans within the contract, many different intended uses—or limitations on their use—have been realized. Unfortunately, in many instances this has occurred only after disputes had arisen. The wide variation of possible intended uses of that category of plans raises questions that should have been explicitly addressed during contract formation. Those are some, but not all of the possible interpretations of the intended use of second category plans that are listed in the contract documents.
The wide variation of the intended use of second category plans raises questions that need to be addressed when the intended use is not explicitly stated. These problems are generally avoidable if the contract documents describe, in plain and simple words, how the Contractor is to use the plans in that second list, and how that usage is different from the use of the Contract Plans.Reading Construction Drawings - 10 Minute Crash Course
Multiple Plans Indicates Different Rights, Responsibilities, and Obligations If the rights and obligations of both parties were the same for both lists, they would have been consolidated into a single list of Contract Plans. Is the Contractor is expected to achieve full compliance with the Guidance Plans unless there is an interference between a component shown on the Contract Plans and one shown on the second category plans?
Can the Contractor rely on those second category plans being entirely consistent with the Contract Plans and Contract Specifications?
If used for a ship conversion or repair, can the Contractor rely on those second category plans being consistent with the actual arrangement and condition of the vessel? Does the Contractor have to receive permission from the Owner to vary from the second category plans? If it is necessary to vary from the second category plans in order to remain consistent with the Contract Plans and Contract Specifications, which party has responsibility to analyze, understand and take responsibility for the operational consequences of the necessary variations?
Share this: Email Print. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email.Do you think you could you explain the difference between these drawings, if someone asked you? On construction projects as-built drawings are drawings that reflect the as-constructed conditions of a project.
The drawings are created by marking on the contract drawings any field built deviations from the contract documents. Think of these drawings as a record of the final constructed product. Shop drawings on the other hand are drawings in addition to the contract drawings. They typically show more construction details than are shown on the contract drawings. So, you can now see that these two types of drawings are completely different.
In short, contract drawings depict the proposed construction, shop drawings provide additional details for construction, and as-built drawings are a record of the final construction including changes.
What Should Go into an Illustration Contract
This is a guest post by: Brian M. Curran www. If you would like to share your knowledge of design or Autodesk products please email me with a proposed posting. Cheers, Shaan ShaanHurley on Twitter.
RSS Feed. Flickr Photostream. Subscribe to Between the Lines by Email. Blog Archives. Autodesk History Gallery. Between the Lines Autodesk, Design, Technology and more blog. The Drawing Types On construction projects as-built drawings are drawings that reflect the as-constructed conditions of a project. Conclusion So, you can now see that these two types of drawings are completely different.
Tweets by ShaanHurley. Between the Lines Follow Me on Twitter.Having a contract is essential for any illustration assignment. But what should go into that contract can oftentimes be confusing and downright scary, particularly for those of us who are more artistic-minded rather than business-minded.
And contracts that you generate yourself are often going to have different language than contracts supplied to you by the client and will usually be better for you. The goal of this post is to just discuss the standard boilerplate things an illustrator should be aware of.
So, where do we start? Business and Legal Forms for Illustrators has sample contracts for everything an illustrator might need, as well as a nice explanation of all the terms those contracts use. Forms include things like agency contracts, book publishing contracts, lecture agreements, model release forms, and even a nondisclosure agreement.
Crawford himself was gracious enough to allow me to reproduce it for the educational purposes of this discussion. This form shows a great example of that language.
This is important because it will cover the full scope of the project. Having a clear understanding of what the project covers is vital to avoid misunderstandings and ensure the assignment stays within the agreed-upon parameters.
While I agree with the substance of this clause, I do, however, suggest a different way of wording it.
So I would suggest putting something simpler like:. Additionally, I also like to add an extra point here because sometimes art directors sit on your sketches for a long time. That could be quite problematic. So I like to add something like this:. In order for the final art due date to be met, sketches must be approved in a reasonable amount of time. That way it ensures you can do your best work without having to pull an unneeded all-nighter.
It identifies how the illustration will be used, in what territories for instance, North America; North America and Canada; English language; World; etc. Additionally it also talks about exclusivity vs. Something to the effect of:. Even the most basic contracts need to mention the agreed-upon fee. A note about sales tax, though: sales tax applies to goods bought and sold. It would only be charged if you were selling that actual art as well as the rights of reproduction.
If they decide to use it for anything else, they need to come back to you and negotiate a new fee for that additional usage. Some illustrators have bonafide expenses that may be incurred with the work, outside of just the standard materials. A clause like this is essential because it covers how and when your payment will occur.Constructing a solid contract represents one of the first steps toward the success of your project, no matter what you're building or what client you are working for.
Successful contractors learn how to use all of them. This is the principal agreement between the construction contractor and the private property owner or the contracting officer for a business.
It's the essential component of the bundle of various contract documents—the main document to which most of the other documents attach or refer. Having a clearly defined scope of the work involved for a project is helpful during the bidding process and later on during the construction sequence.
This is the document that will detail how change orders are handled. The construction schedule is an important component of the larger document and second only to the construction contract agreement. This component allows the contracting client to know how and when the project will be completed and offers them leverage when schedule problems arise. It is also the document that helps the contractor schedule the work.
The General Conditions portion of an overall construction contract is the portion that sets forth the right, responsibilities, and relationships between the client and contractors. Most important is the delineation of rights and responsibilities of each party.
The General Conditions portion of the contract offers the legal framework for the overall construction contract. It includes stipulations for how any disputes will be resolved. This is usually an extension of the contract and an addendum to the General Conditions. For example, if there are specific instructions that apply to only one portion of the job, the Special Conditions section is where this will be described. Information should detail all the materials and techniques that are expected to be used.
These specifications should be discussed and negotiated at the time the contract is developed, and later changes to the specifications are often handled under whatever conditions are laid for change orders in the Scope of Work section. This document comprises lists of diverse trades and materials that will form part of the construction. It includes an itemized list on the costs of materials, parts, and labor that will be part of the construction project.
This document is essential for allowing a contractor to properly bid a project.Contractors are frequently required to submit shop drawings, material samples and equipment specifications for owner approval. One might assume that if a contractor proceeds in accordance with an approved submittal, the contractor has complied with the contract. Not necessarily.
Definition of Contract Drawing
Construction contracts usually state that approval is for design concept only. Approval does not waive or alter the requirements of the contract. Approval does not prevent the owner from later rejecting the work prior to final acceptance. Are project owners trying to have it both ways?
You can follow this conversation by subscribing to the comment feed for this post. A mechanical sub working for me changed the piping layouts significantly to save labor and materials. Some of their changes were for the better, but do to the size of the piping, the structural designer had to be consulted.
The end result was to put the pipe in per the original deisgn or else the mechanical sub would be taking on design responsibilities they certainly didn't want. Some of the deviations were noted when submitted, but not all of them.
Bottom line is that the sub realized that their exposure was reduced when the produced shop drawings that were as close to the engineer's issued construction documents. To reduce their liability with changes, I would suggest using the RFI process.
After all the engineer is the paid expert. Submittals are the Contractor's means of showing the Owner how he intends to comply with Contract Requirements. In the Contract Documents that I see, the Contractor is required to check submittals before forwarding them to the Architect for review and required to point out deviations from contract requirements.
Contractors who do not do so are in breach of contract. Neither the Architect nor the Owner should be responsible for doing the Contractor's job which includes quality assurance and control. Posted by: J. I am finding this a little hard to track. Was work performed that was different than the contract entailed, which did appear on the documents which were later approved?
Conflicting Categories of Drawings in Contracts
Was the corrective work done due to bad construction from the work described on the original documents? Were there deviations or discrepancies between the contract and the resulting documents? I would greatly benefit from reading the "whole" story to understand your point more clearly We recently received approved submittals, consisting of four sheets of shop drawings on which no corrections had been notedsix pages of manufacturer's specifications, two sheets of color charts and one manufacturer's cut sheet.
On the manufacturer's cut sheet, which was the last sheet in the package, the architect had crossed out the specified item, which was circled, and circled an item with more features. Had the change by the architect not been noticed the wrong item would have been ordered and, undoubtedly, our compay would have been on the hook for the extra material. When we submit shop drawings where the product, anchoring, etc.
Posted by: Stan Howe, Rusco, Inc. We talk about the submittal process at pre-construction meetings. The General Contractors nod their heads and smile; they've heard this before, and they have a process that works for them.